Glossary

An overview of the principal legal concepts underlying your rights.

For a better understanding of the terms used.

RIGHT HOLDER

Entity legally entitled to receive royalties for a sound recording. For example, the first maker, a maker who acquired the rights from another maker, a record company that is, by license, entitled to receive royalties, etc.

RECORD COMPANY

Company responsible for marketing and promoting an album.

LABEL

Either a distinctive brand used by a record company to market different styles of music, or the record company itself.

DISTRIBUTOR

Company responsible for the distribution of an album.

CATALOGUE NUMBER

Unique album identification number assigned by the record company.

UPC

Unique 12-digit bar code.

ISRC

Unique international identifier assigned to each sound recording by the first maker.

COUNTRY OF FIXATION

Country where the fixation of the sounds took place, i.e. where the recording sessions were held. For example, the country where the recording studio is located.

YEAR OF FIXATION

Year in which the recording sessions were held.

FIRST MAKER

As defined in the Copyright Act : “the person by whom the arrangements necessary for the first fixation of the sounds are undertaken”, i.e. the individual or company who, among other things, pays for the cost of the sound recording (studio, musicians, etc.).