Understanding rights

Sound recording makers' rights generate royalties for the makers. These royalties are collected and distributed by collective societies established under the Copyright Act. SOPROQ is one of these, and handles the distribution of royalties to eligible and duly registered makers.

If you are a maker of sound recordings and music videos, the Copyright Act grants you ownership rights. By becoming a member of SOPROQ, you can receive royalties arising from the following rights:

Reproduction right

To broadcast your sound recordings and/or music videos, users (e.g., radio and television stations) must first reproduce these works.

Reproduction right allow you to receive royalties when SOPROQ authorizes this reproduction on your behalf and your sound recordings or music videos are actually reproduced.

Various tariffs apply based on the licenses negotiated with users, or based on the tariffs approved by the Copyright Board. Click here for details.

Equitable remuneration right

Are your sound recordings playing on the radio? Are they being used as background music by a retail chain?

Equitable remuneration right provide compensation for the public performance or communication to the public of sound recordings, subject to certain rules of eligibility.

These royalty rates are set in tariffs approved by the Copyright Board for various uses and various types of users. Click here for details.

Private copying regime

The private copying regime provide royalties, notably for the makers of sound recordings, to account for copies of their works that people make for personal use on blank media (CD-R, CD-RW, CD-R audio and CD-RW audio).

These royalty rates are set in tariffs approved by the Copyright Board and are included in the price of the blank media in question. Click here for details.

How it works

Users Collection Administration Makers

Users licensed by SOPROQ pay royalties for the sound recordings or music videos they use, based on the negotiated license terms.

Users of sound recordings (radio stations, corporations, businesses or individuals) pay royalties for the public performance or communication to the public of the sound recordings in question.

Users of blank recording media covered by the private copying regime pay a royalty that is included in the selling price of the media in question.

Two umbrella organizations collect royalties arising from the equitable remuneration and private copying regimes:

  • Re:Sound (equitable remuneration)
  • CPCC (private copying)

SOPROQ itself collects the royalties arising from the licenses it grants.

SOPROQ administers royalties and distributes them among the makers it represents, based on the reports it receives from the umbrella organizations or directly from users, based on methods that provide the highest degree of fairness.

Each right holder registered with SOPROQ thus receives a fair share of the royalties collected in respect of the applicable rates or tariffs.

Detailed reports on the use of declared sound recordings and music videos are included with each royalty payment.

How royalty rates are set

For reproduction rights, SOPROQ itself negotiates the licenses it grants and otherwise submits tariffs to the Copyright Board. The AVLA-SOPROQ tariff (2008-2011) for the reproduction of sound recordings by commercial radio stations is a good example. For the private copying regime, it’s on the Canadian Private Copying Collective (CPCC) that this responsibility lies. for the equitable remuneration regime, Re:Sound is responsible for submitting and defending proposed royalty tariffs before the Copyright Board.

The tariffs set with respect to different rights are reviewed from time to time.